History of Philadelphia
History of Philadelphia Pennsylvania Explained
Philadelphia, a U.S. city located in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, has a population of over 1.6 million and is the largest city in Pennsylvania. It is also one of the oldest cities in America known for tourist sites such as theLiberty Bell, Independence Hall, the home of Betsy Ross, Italian food, the “Rocky Statute” in tribute to the “Rocky” movies, the Philadelphia Orchestra, and much more. So what is the history of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, known as the “City of Brotherly Love”?
Settle by Native Americans (particularly the Lenape) in 8000 B.C., Quaker William Penn signed a peace treaty with the Lenape chief. As a result, the Swedes were the first European settlers to the area. First, however, England gained control over the region. Afterward, in 1681, England’s King Charles II granted Penn the land that became Pennsylvania.
Philadelphia was founded in 1682 by Penn and incorporated on October 25, 1701. It had developed a vigorous trade with the West Indies, increasing its importance in America by then. In addition, Penn intended to form Philadelphia into a religious tolerance for all faiths and independence. As a result, people from across Europe were attracted to Philadelphia.
In 1684, African slaves arrived by ship in Philadelphia. However, not everyone agreed with slavery, especially the Quakers. Thus, the first protest against slavery happened, which resulted in the 1688 Germantown Petition Against Slavery.
Out of Philadelphia was Benjamin Franklin, one of the 18th century’s most influential scientists and a leader in the Revolution. He was also the publisher of The Pennsylvania Gazette.
Philadelphia served as the unofficial capital throughout the American Revolutionary War except between September 26, 1777, and June 18, 1778, when Philadelphia was held by the British. After the war, the Constitution was produced in 1787 in Philadelphia. In addition, the First Bank of the United States was founded in Philadelphia, and the first U.S. Mint was established.
In 1876, Philadelphia held an international exposition to celebrate the 100 years of the Declaration of Independence. The celebration was held at Fairmont Park and displayed industries from 50 countries. The first zoo in the United States was also established.
Unfortunately, Philadelphia was a central place for the Spanish flu pandemic that ran from 1918 to 1919. During that time, over 500,000 people contracted the Spanish flu and died.
In Philadelphia, certain suburbs are now famous. These include Kensington, Northern Liberties, Southwark, Spring Garden, and Moyamensing.
Also, today new developments have revitalized the area. These include developments such as Center City and the Philadelphia Navy Yard. As mentioned, one of the most popular tourists attractions is the “Rocky” statute. The statue depicts Rocky Balboa, played by Sylvester Stallone in the “Rocky” movies. In the first “Rocky” movie, Stallone runs up the stairs of the Philadelphia Art Museum, where the statue is located. Now those stairs are known as the “Rocky Steps.”